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Migraines – the worst enemy of children!

I was sitting on the front porch waiting for my kid to return from school. I felt drained out with all the extra work I had to do cleaning Michael’s room, cooking food, being a maid all day! But I knew how important this was. Michael hated it if I cleaned his room when he was in the house. He would hate me changing the curtains, removing the drapes as light would flood in and my goodness! What a racket he would create! He would just walk out of the room covering his eyes, holding his head in anger saying “You know I can’t stand lights!

The headaches that children have are usually related to sinus cold, fever all leading towards a constant headache, but there are children like Michael who are chronic patients of migraine. Migraine headaches are the most common headache pattern experienced by children. These experiences are noteworthy for their sudden onset and accompanying symptoms of nausea, abdominal pain, vomiting, and insomnia. Instead of taking preventive drugs the easiest solution to migraine is to avoid all those things which trigger migraine attack. In case of Michael, it is the light that triggers an episode of vomiting, severe headache and all he wants to do is shut himself up in a dark room with no lights and sleep all day with the drugs. But having drugs isn’t enough. Drinking water, fruit juices, liquid intake increase is helpful.  During a migraine episode, patients often endure the sudden onset of a severe headache located around the eyes, in the forehead region, or in the temples. Some children experience vision changes during a headache.

An inherited tendency is believed to make some people more likely to have a migraine after some minor trigger, although no single theory explains how the human body produces all the symptoms of a typical migraine headache. Michael was also facing problems at school as there were bully kids around bullying him, this emotional or physical stress was another trigger for a migraine attack in Michael.

The exact causes of migraines are unknown, although they are related to changes in the brain as well as to genetic causes. For many years, scientists believed that migraines were linked to the expanding and constriction of blood vessels on the brain’s surface. However, it is now believed that migraines are caused by inherited abnormalities in certain areas of the brain.

Some migraine triggers can be identified such as stress, a change in sleep pattern, bright light, loud noises, or certain foods, food additives, and beverages. Too much physical activity or too much sun can trigger a migraine in some children or adolescents as well. Common causes of tension headaches include striving for academic excellence as well as emotional stress related to family, school, or friends. Other causes of tension headaches include eyestrain and neck or back strain due to poor posture. Depression may also be a reason your child is having headaches.

When tension headaches worsen over time and occur along with other neurological symptoms such as loss of vision, speech problems, or muscle weakness, they can be the sign of a more serious problems. Children like Michael need special attention, love, care and need to avoid the triggers that cause the migraine attack.

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